Brilliancy prizes have been awarded since 1876 for a match or tournament games that contain especially original and imaginative combinations. The first brilliancy prize for a tournament game was awarded during a competition in New York in 1876, while the first brilliancy prize for a match game was given to Wilhelm Steinitz for the eighth game of his world championship match against Chigorin in 1889.
The Original Immortal Game! Anderson s. Adalbert 1851
The Immortal Game was played by Adolf Anderssen and Lionel Kieseritzky on 21 June 1851 in London, during a break of the first international tournament. The bold sacrifices made by Anderssen to secure victory have made it one of the most famous chess games of all time. Anderssen gave up both rooks and a bishop, then his queen to checkmate his opponent with his three remaining minor pieces. In 1996, Bill Hartson called the game an achievement “perhaps unparalleled in chess literature”.